Biomass and Carbon Storage Pattern in Natural and Plantation Forests of Sub-humid Tropics in Barnawapara Wildlife Sanctuary, Chhatisgarh, India

Chamanlal Negi, Lalji Singh, Somanath Sarvade, Varun Attri


Biomass constitutes  primary data needed for understanding a number of ecological processes like energy flow and water and nutrient cycling in forest ecosystems. Various tree components are economically utilized for fodder, firewood, timber, pulp and paper, plywood, medicines and other uses. Therefore, quantification of total biomass is important. Trees play a vital role in mitigating the adverse effect of environmental degradation and increasing concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere and also in its consequence on climate change.  We studied the biomass and carbon storage pattern in natural and plantation forests of sub-humid tropics in Barnawapara Wildlife Sanctuary. Maximum total biomass (aboveground + belowground) was recorded in closed natural forest i.e. 473.60 Mg ha-1 (414.26 + 59.34) followed by open natural forest,  217.59 Mg ha-1 (190.55 + 27.04) and teak plantation  134.99 Mg ha-1 (112.73 + 22.26). Also total carbon recorded was maximum in closed natural forest, 208.22 Mg ha-1 (187.08 +21.14) followed by open natural forest, 95.11 Mg ha-1 (85.60 +9.59) and teak plantation, 56.06 Mg ha-1 (50.11 +7.95)  respectively. The study shows that the natural forest has an edge over plantation forest in terms of biomass accumulation and carbon storage. Also the aboveground accumulation of biomass and carbon storage is higher than belowground in all type of forests.


Tree biomass, Carbon balance, allometric equation, CHNOS-Auto Analyzer


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