Fertility Status of Rice Growing Soils Belonging to Different Land Types Under the Western Central Tableland Agro-climatic Zone of Odisha

Dhaneshwar Padhan, Mahasweta Chakraborty, Arup Sen

Abstract


We evaluated the fertility status of rice growing soils under three land types, i.e. upland, medium land and lowland. Composite soil samples were collected from 74 different locations covering the three land types. Results showed that the soils of upland were low in available nutrient (N, P, K and S) contents and the soils of lowland had comparatively higher contents of available nutrients; whereas soils under medium land were found to be intermediate in available nutrients. The soils were moderately acidic to neutral in reaction. Soil organic carbon (SOC) content showed wide variations, being high in lowland soils whereas the upland soils were low in SOC content.  Considering all the seventy four samples tested, dynamic relationships were found between available nutrient content and SOC content. Soil pH also maintained excellent agreement with available nutrient content and SOC content. Findings from the above study will be helpful in formulating a sound fertilization program in this area for the economic benefits of farmers.

Keywords


Available Nutrient Contents; Fertility Status; Fertilization Program; Land Types; Soil pH

References


Anetta, S. Z. and Joanna, L. 2014. The content of carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus and sulphur in soil against the activity of selected hydrolases as affected by crop rotation and fertilisation. Zemdirbyste-Agriculture 101(4): 367-372.

Asmare, M. 2014. Phosphorus Status, Adsorption Characteristics, Kinetics and Availability to Wheat Crop as Influenced by Applications of Various Amendments on Acid Soils of Farta District, Northwestern Highlands of Ethiopia, PhD Dissertation, Haramaya University, Ethiopia.

CES (Centre for Environmental Studies). 2016. URL: www.cesorissa.org/websitelinks.asp

Chesnin, L. and Yien, C.H. 1950. Turbidimetric determination of available sulphates. Soil Science Society America Proceedings 15: 149-151.

Das, D. K. 2011. Introductory Soil Science. Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana. 645 pages.

Desta, H. A. 2015. Reclamation of phosphorus fixation by organic matter in acidic soils. Global Journal of Agriculture and Agricultural Sciences 3(6): 271-278.

Dobermann, A. 2000. Future Intensification of Irrigated Rice Systems. Pages 229-247, In: Sheehy, J.E.; Mitchell, P.E. and Hardy, B. (Editors) Redesigning Rice Photosynthesis to Increase Yield. International Rice Research Institute, Makati City, Philippines and Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Dobermann, A.; Cassman, K. G.; Mamaril, C. P. and Sheehy, S. E. 1998. Management of phoshorus, potassium, and sulfur in intensive, irrigated lowland rice. Field Crops Research 56: 113–358.

Dobermann, A.; StaCruz, P. C. and Cassman, K. G. 1996. Fertilizer inputs, nutrients balance, and soil nutrient-supplying power in intensive, irrigated rice systems, I. Potassium uptake and K balance. Nutrient Cycling in Agro-ecosystem 46: 1–10.

Jackson, M.L. 1973. Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice-Hall of India, New Delhi. 498 pages..

Kanthalia, P.C. and Bhatt, P.L. 1991. Relation between organic carbon and available nutrients in some soils of sub-humid zone. Journal of Indian Society of Soil Science 39: 781-782.

Kumar, A.; Mishra, V. N.; Srivastav, L.K. and Banwasi, R. 2014. Evaluations of soil fertility status of available major nutrients (N,P & K) and micro nutrients (Fe, Mn, Cu & Zn) in Vertisol of Kabeerdham District of Chhattisgarh. India. International Journal of Interdisciplinary and Multidisciplinary Studies 1(10): 72-79.

Kumar, R.; Sarkar, A. S.; Singh, K.P.; Agarwal, B.K. and Karmakar, S. 2009. Appraisal of available nutrients status in Santhal Paraganas region of Jharkhand. Journal of Indian Society of Soil Science 57(3): 366-369.

Meena, H.B.; Sharma, R.P. and Rawat, U. S. 2006. Status of Macro and Micronutrients in some soils of Tonk District of Rajasthan. Journal of Indian Society of Soil Science 54(4): 508 -512.

Mishra, A. 2005. Characterization, Fertility Status and Taxonomic Classification of Some Soils of West Central Table and Agroclimatic Zone of Odisha. Ph.D. Thesis, Dept. of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Orissa University of Agriculture & Technology, Bhubaneswar.

Mohanty, R. 2012. Preparation of GPS-based Soil Fertility Maps and Identification of Soil Related Production Constraints for Angul Districts, Odisha. M.Sc. thesis, Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Orissa University of Agriculture & Technology, Bhubaneswar.

Nayak, M. 2013. Soil Fertility Status of Some Villages in Banpur Block of North Eastern Ghat Agroclimatic Zone of Odisha. M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Chemistry, College of Basic Science and Humanities, Orissa University of Agriculture & Technology, Bhubaneswar.

Olsen, S.R 1953. Inorganic phosphorous in alkaline and calcareous soils in W.H Pierre and A.G Norman (ed. Soil and Fertilizer Phosph).

Padhan, D.; Rout, P.P. and Sahoo, T. 2015. Surface and Sub-surface distribution of available potassium in rice growing soils under western central tableland agro-climatic zones of Odisha. Journal of Agroecology and Natural Resource Management 2(5): 365-368.

Patra, P.; Mondal, S. and Ghosh, P.K. 2012. Status of available sulphur in surface and subsurface soils of red and lateritic soils of West Bengal. International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences 2(2): 276-281.

Satpathy, S.; Mishra, A.; Saren, S. and Acharya, B. P. 2015. A study on soil fertility status of some villages in Nimapara block of east and south-eastern coastal plain agro-climatic zone of Odisha. International Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Review and Research 1(1): 18-23.

Scherer, H. W. 2009. Sulfur in soils. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 172: 326–335.

Sharma, P.K.; Sood, A.; Setia, R.K.; Tur, N.S.; Mehra, D. and Singh, H. 2008. Mapping of macronutrients in soils of Amritsar district (Punjab) - A GIS approach. Journal of Indian Society of Soil Science 56(1): 34-41.

Singh, R. P. and Mishra, S. K. 2012. Available macro nutrients in the soils of Chiraigaon block of district, Varanasi (UP) in relation to soil characteristics. Indian Journal of Science Research 3(1): 97-100.

Singh, S. and Kumar, P. 2012. Soil fertility status of vegetables growing area of Varanasi and pulses growing area of Mirzapur. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 60: 233-236.

Swain, P. 2013. Soil Fertility Status of Some Soils of Hirakud Command Area in West Central Table Land Agroclimatic Zone of Odisha. M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Chemistry, College of Basic Science and Humanities, Orissa University of Agriculture & Technology, Bhubaneswar.

Walkley, A. and Black, C.A. 1934. Estimation of organic carbon by the chromic acid titration method. Soil Science 47:29-38.


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

COPYRIGHT of this Journal vests fully with the National Instional Institute of Ecology. Any commercial use of the content on this site in any form is legally prohibited.