Biodiversity Management in Developing Countries– An Economic Perspective

Azra Musavi


Forests and biodiversity conservation, especially in developing countries are threatened due to increasing pressures from growing population, rising poverty, inappropriate government policies and economic externalities resulting from various industrial and development projects. However, in recent years not only economists, but also policy makers and environmentalists are realising the implications of environmental issues and the need to incorporate them into development policies. This requires new initiatives for sustainable development and effective biodiversity management. There is a need for the governments to re-examine their economic and development policies in terms of their impact on biodiversity as well as on people. Moreover, there is an urgent need to address rural poverty and women’s role in conservation planning. Lastly, it is important that all development projects, which affect biodiversity, should be used to generate financial resources for supporting conservation. India in its pursuit of high economic growth since the beginning of development planning had also unfortunately ignored environmental concerns resulting in deforestation, soil erosion and land degradation. It is only in recent decades that India started to lay emphasis on sustainable growth and address environmental concerns in its five-year plans. 


Biodiversity Management; Conservation; Developing Countries; Forest Degradation; India


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