Patterns and Causes of Predator - Human Conflict in and Around Itanagar Wildlife Sanctuary, Arunachal Pradesh, Northeastern India

Surendra Varma, Ambika Aiyadurai, Narendra Babu, Vivek Menon

Abstract


Mithun (Bos gaurus frontalis), a semi-domestic bovid is reported to be depredated regularly by predators particular the wild dogs (Cuon alpinus) and the villagers retaliate by killing the predators. This survey focused on the overall patterns and causes of the predator-human conflict. The result showed that the region has more predators (56 %) than preys (44 %). The encounter rate (3.43 km-1) and frequency of occurrence of mithun signs (65%) were high compared to encounter rate (0.19 km-1) and frequency of occurrence (4%) of natural preys. Low encounter rates of wild prey or the lack of optimal prey species and the relatively high encounter rates of free ranging livestock were the causes for the conflict. The loss of mithun has a severe effect on the local community’s (Nyishi) economy, culture and sentiments as it plays an integral role in their culture and tradition.


Keywords


Mithun; Carnivore-Human Conflict; Depredation; Prey-predator Interaction; Mitigation

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