A Study of Physico-chemical Characteristics of Water in River Gaula




Present study was conducted with the qualitative estimation on seasonal fluctuation in physico-chemical parameters on Gaula River at Haldwani, Nainital, Uttarakhand, India. Various physico-chemical parameters such as temperature, transparency, conductivity, TDS, pH, total alkalinity, chloride, free CO2 and DO were analyzed for various seasonal changes from the period of January 2019 to December 2019. Some parameters were tested on the spot whereas some parameters were tested in the laboratory according to standard method. The present study indicates that assessments of physico-chemical parameters of river are necessary for its various beneficial purposes.




Gaula River, Physico-chemical parameter, assessment, seasonal change, Pollution


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