An Assessment of physico-chemical parameters of water in association with the ichthyofauna diversity of Dhir beel in Dhubri district of Assam, India

Arup Nama Das, Dhirendra Kumar Sharma, Rezina Ahmed



The present investigation was intended to study the variation between physico-chemical parameters of water quality and ichthyofauna diversity in Dhir beel in Assam, India during June 2016 to May 2019. Dhir beel is an Oxbow lake connecting to the river Brahmaputra through a long channel. The relationship between the physico-chemical parameters of water and the fish diversity of the beels were found to be in association supporting the beel hydrobiology. The study revealed the occurrence of 83 species of fishes belonging to 56 genera, under 29 families and 10 orders. Of these, Gudusia chapra was the most abundant (8.71%), followed by Amblypharyngodon mola (5.14%), Botia dario (4.82%), and Anguilla bengalensis was least abundant (0.15%). Five sites were selected at a gap of 1 Km per site to study the seasonal effect of physico-chemical characters of water quality in the beel. These factors found to be as Water temperature ranges from 11.0 to 25.0°C, Air temperature 14.0 to 29.0°C, Transparency 58 to 68 cm, pH 6.6 to 6.9, Humidity 51.0 to 68.0 mmHg, DO 8.0 to 10.0 Mg/L, BOD 3.0 to 4.5 Mg/L, FCO2 6.5 to 7.5 Mg/L, TA 26.0 to 30.8 Mg/L, TH 26.0 to 29.0 Mg/L, TDS 24.5 to 30.0 ppm, TSS 58.0 to 66.5 ppm, Specific conductivity 0.39 to 0.71 mS, Salinity 0.95 to 1.31 ppt, Ca2+ 15.0 to 19.0 Mg/L, Mg2+ 12.5 to 17.0 Mg/L, Cl- 5.5 to 8.5 Mg/L, HCO3- 23.0 to 28.0 Mg/L, Na+ 0.55 to 0.65 Mg/L, K+ 1.10 to 1.40 Mg/L, SO42- 4.0 to 7.5 Mg/L, NO3- 0.60 to 1.35 Mg/L, PO43- 0.45 to 0.90 Mg/L, N2 1.40 to 1.70 Mg/L, Zn2+ 0.25 to 0.40 Mg/L, and these showed significant impact on Dhir beel ichthyofauna diversity in different seasons specifically during monsoon and post-monsoon period. Thus, this assessment of water quality and ichthyofauna diversity allows to understand the Dhir beel’s present ecological status for the fish productivity as well as conservation of fish species.

Key words: Oxbow lake, Water quality, Species, Abundant, Seasons, Ecological status


Water quality, Fish diversity, Beel ecology


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