COVID-19: Neo-Malthusianism, Ecological Links, and Challenges for Humanity

Ram Prasad Sengupta, Chetana Chaudhuri

Abstract


The fact of human appropriation of resources of biosphere exceeding the regenerative capacity of the latter is at the root of the erosion of biospheric resources. Such erosion of biosphere is unfolded in the forms of deforestation, habitat loss of wild species and biodiversity loss. The origin of the current COVID-19 pandemic is traceable to transmission of the concerned virus from zoonotic sources to humans due to closer contacts of wild life to humans caused by the biodiversity loss. The pandemic has an obvious Neo-Malthusian message giving us the warning of the dangerous consequences of persistence of such biodiversity loss and points to the necessity of reversal of this trend and the resulting impact inequality for restoring the condition of sustainability. The paper highlights these issues and also the adverse economic impact of the pandemic particularly on economic growth and social well-being as experienced in India.


Keywords


Pandemics; Deforestation; Biodiversity; Globalization; Ecosystem Functioning

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