Appraisal of Land Use Transformation using Remote Sensing in Kajiado County, Kenya.

James Otieno Kaoga, James Otieno Kaoga, Daniel Olago, George Ouma, Gilbert Ouma, Joshua Onono

Abstract


Abstract

Kajiado County is predominantly inhabited by the Maasai nomadic pastoralists who rely on natural systems for their provisions and production needs. Traditionally, communal land management has been the norm in the area but that has evolved under the swift development context with the private holding of land becoming prevalent. The land-use transformation has curtailed the traditional seasonal movement of livestock and has exposed the Maasai community to production risks which have contributed to the widespread food insecurity in the area. To address this gap, the study investigated land-use transformation in the area using Landsat 8, 4 and 5 datasets, where 1987, 2000 and 2015 epochs with a spatial resolution of 30*30m were sourced from www.glovis.usgs.org. Remote sensing technology and Geographic Information System were utilized based on Food and Agriculture Organization Land Cover Classification System where changes in the sizes of various land use patterns were; bare area, built-up area, cropland, forested land, grassland, riverine, shrubland, waterbody and wetland. The evaluation of these biophysical attributes showed gains in the bare area, built up area, cropland, forestland, grassland and loses in the riverine, wetland and waterbody. Land use transformation with the declining levels of natural resources is a threat to pastoralism and there is need for an all-inclusive land-use policies which will inform adaptation and resilience planning in Kajiado County, Kenya.


Keywords


Remote Sensing and GIS

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