Growth, Yield and Economics of Acorus calamus L. as Influenced by Different Node Cuttings under Mid-Hill Conditions of Himachal Pradesh

Karma Gyalpo Bhutia, Meenu Sood, Vinod Kumar, Pempa Lamu Bhutia, Pradeepen Rai

Abstract


An experiment was conducted to study the effect of different node cuttings on growth, yield and economics of Acorus calamus L. The experiment was conducted at the experimental field of the Department of Forest Products, College of Forestry, Dr. Y S Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan (H.P.) during the year 2016-17. The study comprised of three different node cuttings viz., one node cutting (N1), two node cutting (N2) and three node cutting (N3). The experiment was laid out in randomized block design with six replications. Data regarding growth and yield parameters such as plant height, number of leaves/plant, leaf length, leaf width, number of nodes/rhizome, rhizome length, rhizome diameter, fresh rhizome weight, dry rhizome weight, estimated fresh rhizome yield, estimated dry rhizome yield, essential oil content in fresh rhizome and estimated essential oil yield were recorded and economics was calculated. Among different node cuttings, three node cutting (N3) significantly gave higher plant height (52.13 cm), number of leaves/plant (19.16), leaf length (48.10 cm), number of nodes/rhizome (24.82), rhizome length (12.21 cm), fresh rhizome weight/plant (28.13 g), dry rhizome weight/plant (13.78 g), estimated fresh rhizome yield (3.125 Mg ha), estimated dry rhizome yield (1.532 Mg ha) and estimated essential oil yield (16.80 kg/ha) than one node cutting (N1) and two node cutting (N2) whereas maximum benefit cost ratio was obtained in one node cutting (1.80) as compared to two node cutting (0.93) and three node cutting (0.79).


Keywords


Acorus calamus; Medicinal and Aromatic Plants; Himalayas; Essential Oil; Economics.

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