Biology, Seed Morphology, Germination and Phytochemical Analysis of Drimia indica (Roxb.) Jessop from the Indian Thar Desert

Anupama Sagar, Pawan K. Kasera


Drimia indica (syn. Urginea indica) commonly known as Jungli Piaz, is a medicinally important plant mainly used in chronic bronchitis and asthma. This article describes its seed/bulb morphology, germination behaviour and phytochemical composition.  The seeds are heart-shaped and black coloured. Fresh as well as one-year-old seeds were hundred percent viable. Experimental study on the effect of  growth regulators (GA3 and IBA) on seed germination  and seedling growth under in-vitro conditions, showed that maximum seed germination and root and shoot lengths and were obtained in seeds pre-treated with 5 mg L-1 concentration of GA3. Phytochemical analysis revealed highest values of leaf pigments and total sugars in September, while maximum amount of crude protein, proline and phosphorus were recorded during July.


Drimia indica; Seed Viability; Indian Arid Zone; Growth Regulators; Proline; Chlorophyll


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